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scope of educational psychology

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What do you mean by Educational Psychology? Educational Psychology is the study of people learn and retain knowledge. It studies human behavior in educational situations. Scope of Educational Psychology. Stephen has maintained, “Educational Psychology is the systematic study of the educational growth and development of a child.”, Skinner is of the view, “Educational Psychology is the branch of psychology which deals with teaching and learning.”, On the other hand, Liste D. Crow and Alice Crow have defined, “Educational Psychology describes and explains the learning experiences of an individual from birth to old age. Educational psychology studies the nature of growth and development and general characteristics of physical, mental, emotional and social development at the various stages, i.e., at the stage of infancy, late childhood and adolescence. ”. Every subject has its distinct area of study of its own and its learner at the beginning need to have a clear concept of it. Instead, it is an applied branch of general psychology that studies the behavior of an individual in the learning situation and its problems. In brief, we can say that Educational psychology is a psychology of learning. The following five areas were named by American Psychological Associations: (1) Human growth and development, including the effect of heredity and environment on various aspects of individual. The study of the human mind and behavior is obviously not an easy task that involves a good deal of experiences on the complicated methods used by psychologists. We know only one mind directly and very intimately and that is my own mind. Educational Psychology studies systematically an individual development in educational … More particularly in a classroom situation, the students have a mutual relationship of acceptance and rejection that provides an interesting study of their nature of the social relationship. Those who study Educational Psychology are called educational psychologists. Educational Psychology tries to develop biological individuality into social personality in the child. 5. So educational psychology is the study of behavior of the teacher, taught and persons connected to educational environment. It has been observed that many of the abnormal and undesirable behavior and activities of children are deeply rooted in the unconscious mind and its elements. It constitutes the scope of useful study in educational psychology that improves the professional efficiency of the teacher. PreserveArticles.com is an online article publishing site that helps you to submit your knowledge so that it may be preserved for eternity. Presumably, this method, therefore, insists on collection of the significant data on those past events that give vent to the present psychological state of affairs. Psychology can only help him to perceive the true nature and necessity of the child from its proper perspective. 2. The following factors will indicate the scope of educational psychology: 1. Introspection or self-evaluation is the essential quality requires by a good teacher. But it has to be used appropriately. Here again, psychology may serve as a guide to him. The child is to be treated as, a separate unit of development by birth with his specific genetic qualities. Here the field of observation and the means of observation is one’s own mind. From modem view-points of teaching, the teacher is not to teach arbitrarily. The significant information in regard to the process of a child’s gradual psycho-physical development may be collected from the authentic sources closely related to the child. Educational Psychology deals with the nature and development of the personality of an individual. Every subject has its distinct area of study of its own and its learner at the beginning need to have a clear concept of it. A man’s present psychological state is nothing but a reflection of the past. Its subject matter is concerned with the conditions that affect learning. He also has interests and aptitudes of his own that need greater attention from the teacher. The role of heredity and environment in bringing optimum development of the child, constitute an important area of its study. It is a service designed to help individuals to realize their own power and potentiality in making necessary adjustments with their environment. Native instinctive aims of the child need to be trained and modified by the teacher for their creative and prospective development. The teacher as a motivator has to know how to make use of his teaching aids and device accordingly. The aim of education is to develop desirable traits of personality in the child. Also, it studies the process of adjustment of an individual in his environment. Scope of Educational Psychology. 4. Then came Heinrich Pestalozzi, a Swiss schoolmaster who claimed to have psychologized education. Educational Psychology is a practical branch of general psychology. Also, he tried to introduce pedagogical methods of child learning based on the psychological principle. Psychology is a science of behavior. It has to study the psycho-physical abilities of the learner in an analytical way. He may perceive the good or bad effects of the learning method he used by making an objective psychological analysis of it. What are the aims of educational psychology? Here the outside situation cannot adversely affect the result. PreserveArticles.com: Preserving Your Articles for Eternity, Vital notes on the Nature and Scope of Educational Psychology, The following facts may be mentioned which indicate the scope of Educational Psychology, Complete information on the meaning and nature of Educational Psychology. The role of psychology in education may be clear to us only when we know its limitations. It studies the facts as they are and not as they ought to be. Thus, educational psychology as a subject must have to make an in-depth study of the nature of the psychophysical development of the child in different stages. So, its findings are expected to be more objective, dependable, reliable data on human abilities like memory, attention, intelligence, learning, fatigue, and problem solving are obtained out of this method of experimentation. Thus, guidance forms an important aspect of Educational Psychology. Accordingly, educational help and guidance need to be provided from his side. This provides a wider scope of study in educational psychology. 2. Introspection goes to mean looking into one’s own mind and experiences in knowing the mind of others. SCOPE OF EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY. So, some of the popular methods are as below. How to keep our mental health in this context is the common cause of concern today that comprises the study of educational psychology. Thus, Educational Psychology describes and explains the learning experience of an individual from birth to old age. PreserveArticles.com is a free service that lets you to preserve your original articles for eternity. Privacy Policy Every individual differs from another and it is one of the fundamental facts of human nature, which has been brought to light by Educational Psychology. With the introduction of psychological principles in child learning, modem education has become child central and science-based. Keeping in view of the individual difference, he should explore and identify the native potential and prospects of every child. The nature and the degree of such a relationship can be objectively assessed by using a questionnaire. The scope of educational psychology is as vast as education and psychology are themselves. It studies the stages of development and their characteristic in order to design the system and method of learning. To what extent heredity and environment contribute towards the growth of the individual and how this knowledge can be used for bringing about the optimum development of the child, form a salient feature of the scope of Educational Psychology. The psychological concept of learning may help the teacher to evolve an appropriate method of teaching. The study of the individuality of the child with a view to individualization of his learning and education covers a major area of study in educational psychology. The statistical method is being used for the study and analysis of human behavior and responses. Reward and punishment in education cannot be completely ruled out. This implies that the teacher should not view the child in terms of adult experiences. There is a unity of feeling, thinking, and doing among the members that determine individual and social reactions and behavior. Many of the evils of our social life are owing to mental illness caused due to a defective social environment. The whole mechanism of child learning virtually constitutes the scope of educational psychology. Education for development needs to be designed accordingly. Higher Secondary Education for HS 1st Year. The following are included in the scope of Educational Psychology. Educational Psychologists help people overcome dyslexia, which is a learning disability. Educational psychology as a promising subject at present has its scope of the study to which our attention may be directed. Human learning is a complex process that involves the study of physical, mental, emotional, and social development.

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November 13, 2020 |

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