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A common analogy, popularized by Herbert Spencer, presents these parts of society as “organs” that work toward the proper functioning of the “body” as a whole. The functionalist perspective of gender inequality was most robustly articulated in the 1940s and 1950s, and largely developed by Talcott Parsons’ model of the nuclear family. This theory suggests that gender inequalities exist as an efficient way to create a division of labor, or as a social system in which particular segments are clearly responsible for certain, respective acts of labor. Sociology is unlike any other type of science because it can be looked at from many different points of view. The functionalist perspective sees society as a complex system whose parts work together to promote solidarity and stability. Deviance is defined as, the violation of norms (rules or experiences) placed on us by society. Sociological Perspectives are different perspectives of how to view the world. However there are flaws in many of these theories. According to functionalist theory, education contributes both manifest and latent functions. This theory suggests that gender inequalities exist as an efficient way to create a division of labor, or as a social system in which particular segments are clearly responsible for certain, respective acts of labor. The major sociological perspectives on education fall nicely into the functional, ... 2012). Thus gender, like other social institutions, contributes to the stability of society as a whole. The division of labor works to maximize resources and efficiency. It involves many fields of study that include crime, religion, family, race, culture and society among others. Full Text. Subject matter for sociology ranges from the micro level of an individual and interaction to the macro level of systems and the social structure. Education helps maintain society by socialising young people into … Repko explains that "Sociology views the world as a social reality that includes the range and nature of the relationships that exist between people in any given society" (Repko, 131.) All three concepts that amount to the sociological perspective do not necessarily have one thing in common other than them being different ways we think about the world. Unlike, the functionalist theory it focuses on the conflict of education. While gender roles, according to the functionalist perspective, are beneficial in that they contribute to stable social relations, many argue that gender roles are discriminatory and should not be upheld. Also relevant is this post: Evaluating the Functionalist Perspective on Education Retrieved 27 Feb. 2017 from https://www.boundless.com/users/493555/textbooks/sociology-cochise-college/gender-stratification-and-inequality-11/sociological-perspectives-on-gender-stratification-87/the-functionalist-perspective-503-4583/. In a society usually the state is the one who pays for the education of the children and their education because the family is the one that pays the taxes. Marxist Perspective on Education. In sociological research, functional prerequisites are the basic needs (food, shelter, clothing, and money) that an individual requires to live above the poverty line. The three sociological perspectives are the functionalist theory, the conflict theory, and the interactionalist theory. Sociology is usually viewed as a single discipline. He continues by saying that social rules define situations and the kind of behavior deemed appropriate. The Marxist perspective, is a conflict approach. a. Sociology is the study of the social relationships that affect the humans as well as institutions. Copyright © 2020 IPL.org All rights reserved. A Female Indian Construction The basic assumption of this theory is that all elements or elements of community of life must be functional so that society as a whole can perform its functions well. This is not an example of the work written by professional essay writers. Robert Merton and Emile Durkheim are considered to have founded functionalism. ... For example, a test item may ask students what instruments belong in an orchestra. However, this theory has its roots in Karl Marx's work in classical sociological theory and was developed by several social thinkers from the later period. The functionalist perspective says that society and its systems work together to maintain stability. With this way of studying, sociologists like to look at the way the society directly affects and individual. Macrosociology is where things are a viewed on a large scale. Unlike, the functionalist theory it focuses on the conflict of education.
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