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The rare and endangered Golden-cheeked Warbler nests only in the juniper-oak woodlands of central Texas. That distinction belongs to man, though the bird has several other natural enemies including rat snakes. Life History The Golden-cheeked Warbler’s entire nesting range is currently confined to habitat in 33 counties in central Texas. Retrieved from, Rappole, John H., King, David I., & Barrow Jr., Wylie C. (1999). Recommended Citation. This beautiful bird is a central Texas specialty, nesting nowhere else in the world. This page was last edited on 30 July 2020, at 21:40. Ladd, C. and L. Gass (1999). Loss of habitat due to land clearing and urbanization has made inroads in the golden-cheeked warbler population, and the bird has disappeared from areas that formerly were known to harbor it. , Golden-cheeked Warblers will only remain in Texas for the breeding season, from March to June.  Sitting at the top of the endangered list (of species in North America) since May 1990, different projects are currently underway to restore the habitat of the Golden-Cheeked warbler. The main direct threat towards the golden-cheeked warbler is the rapid loss of habitats.  These initiatives along with many others encourage landowners to learn more about the warbler (along with other species that inhabit their property) so local land owners may provide proper maintenance and protection of the warbler's habitat. It shares its breeding areas in the Edwards Plateau of central Texas, locally known as the Texas Hill Country, with another federally endangered species, the Black-capped Vireo .  The male Warbler will use song and physical abuse against other males to establish a territory in close proximity to the previous year's territory. Golden-cheeked Warbler. , Though male warblers are found either singing or searching for food, females carry the responsibility of nest building as well as keeping the eggs incubated. The United States Department of Defense, Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, U.S. The male spends his time singing his distinct song and defending his territory. The nesting habitat in the further moist realms can be discovered in tall, closed canopy, compressed, mature stands of Ashe juniper trees along with Texas, shin, live, Lacey, and post oak trees.  Golden-cheeked warblers breed in 33 counties in central Texas and are dependent on Ashe Juniper (blueberry juniper or cedar) for their fine bark strips used as nesting material.  Many spots of warbler habitation have been cleared for the construction of houses, roads, and stores or to grow crops or grass for livestock. The golden-cheeked warbler ( Dendroica chrysoparia ) is truly a "native of Texas." Skip to Content. Shapiro A-MT, Harper SJ & Westervelt JD. The rare and endangered Golden-cheeked Warbler nests only in the juniper-oak woodlands of central Texas. Stake MM, Faaborg J & Thompson FR, III. Female brown-headed cowbirds deposit their eggs in the golden-cheeks' nests, leaving the task of incubating and caring for the young to foster parents. The golden-cheeked warbler is very striking due to its bright yellow cheeks that are contrasted by its black throat and back.  This species is completely insectivorous. Male warblers win attention of the females through their “chip” sounds which they also make as a warning call during times of possible danger. Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). All About Birds. (1996). Its nesting range is restricted to Texas, and from early March until mid-July this beautiful warbler is found nowhere else in the world.  Other woodlands were flooded when large lakes were constructed. The cheeks and the line over the eyes and sides of the neck are golden yellow; hence the bird's name. When migration and winter hits the habitat stays relatively similar: a variety of short-lived evergreen forests with pines between 3,300 and 8,300 feet. The nest is made of strips of juniper bark, rootlets, grasses, cobwebs, cocoons, and can contain animal fur to line to the outer portions of the nest.  Their specific habitat needs place warblers at an extremely vulnerable position where urban development has taken a significant amount of the available habitat away. We created this eBook for you, and it was made possible through the contributions of our members and supporters. The golden-cheeked warbler (Dendroica chrysoparia) is truly a "native of Texas." Dendroica chrysoparia Sclater & Salvin, 1861. The golden-cheeked warbler is the only bird species with a breeding range confined to Texas. reset. Adult Golden-cheeked warblers reach a length of 4.5 inches. Efforts include The Safe Harbor agreement between Environmental Defense and the U.S. Retrieved from: Balcones Canyonlands National Wildlife Refuge, http://txtbba.tamu.edu/species-accounts/golden-cheeked-warbler/, http://www.tpwd.state.tx.us/publications/pwdpubs/media/pwd_bk_w7000_0013_golden_cheeked_warbler.pdf, http://ecos.fws.gov/speciesProfile/profile/speciesProfile.action?spcode=B07W, http://www.allaboutbirds.org/guide/Golden-cheeked_Warbler/lifehistory, http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Dendroica_chrysoparia/, http://www.tpwd.state.tx.us/huntwild/wild/species/gcw/, http://www.allaboutbirds.org/guide/Golden-cheeked_Warbler/id, http://www.fws.gov/refuge/Balcones_Canyonlands/GCW.html, http://www.birdlife.org/datazone/speciesfactsheet.php, http://www.fws.gov/refuge/Balcones_Canyonlands/what_we_do/protecting_native_species.html, http://www.birdlife.org/datazone/speciesfactsheet.php?id=9107, Balcones Canyonland Preserve with audio recordings of the two types of calls, Golden-cheeked warblers in 2011 slideshow, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Golden-cheeked_warbler&oldid=970365175, Native birds of the Southwestern United States, Taxonbars with automatically added original combinations, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.
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